Urbanization and development are a continuous process and leave adverse effects on certain classes of society. Development projects have often displaced a large number of people in different parts of the world. In Mumbai, India, there are multiple examples of people living in informal settlements who are getting affected by a large number of development and infrastructure projects. Thus, the displaced people are then shifted to resettlement colonies which are designed under a separate section of slum rehabilitation schemes by the government.
Various studies have revealed that the quality of life provided by these new resettlement colonies is not suitable for living as per national standards and requires urgent attention. Housing poverty affects one’s ability to be physically and mentally healthy, and economically and educationally productive. These resettlement colonies inhabit a very large population in Mumbai and represent the social image of the city at large. Urban resettlement issues are relatively unexplored and need innovative and humane practices in resettlement. Hence, it is important to shape our resettlement colonies from repressive and neglected to inclusive and responsive citizenship of Mumbai.
This project is an experiment done over an existing resettlement colony named Natwar Parekh colony in the eastern suburbs of Mumbai, India. Surveys have shown that the Natwar Parekh colony has become a hotspot for Tuberculosis because of poor planning and design. The redesigned module focuses on achieving a better quality of life that these Resettlement colonies should be providing to the PAP.
The way city is being socially and spatially transformed is critical to this study. It is imperative to improve the standard of living of project affected people (PAP) and for which a well-planned habitat is the first step in right direction. The aim here is to understand and represent how designing as a tool can impact the lives of these people and contribute in giving them a better life and standard of living than what they are getting in reality. Redesigning will give a comparative model of before and after conditions of the colony as per the needs of the currently residing people, which becomes of immense importance to study and understand for designing the future rehabilitation colonies in the city. This when done will create a healthy and prospering society for project-affected people and will have a positive impact on the surrounding larger social fabric of the city.
– Ar. Siddharth Shirur, Ar. Shilpa Sharma, Ar. Vinit Mirkar, Ar .Khudeja Patel